Educational understanding and educational mode of

2022-08-23
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Educational understanding and educational mode of Packaging Engineering (I)

packaging engineering education has very distinctive characteristics, which can not only better overcome the problems existing in China's higher education, but also conform to the development direction of modern engineering education

I. Problems in China's higher engineering education

under the impact of science and technology and large-scale industrial production, education has been industrialized and technicalized, and the principles of industrial science management have been applied to school education: students are "raw materials" and objects processed by the "machine" of the school, which leads to the fact that education only pays attention to the mastery of knowledge, ignores the improvement of human spiritual structure, and leads to the conflict between natural science and humanities, The split between all-round development and professional training has made modern people specialized and fixed in their special work fields, resulting in people's one-sided development and less and less creativity and personality. Students become the object of educational format, develop students' dependence and inertia, and no longer have creativity and imagination

through the educational reform in recent years, China's higher engineering education has made remarkable achievements in quality education, but there are still problems that emphasize theory and ignore practice; Emphasizing science and neglecting engineering; Attach importance to academy and neglect technology; Emphasizing research and neglecting application; Emphasizing knowledge and neglecting quality; The tendency of emphasizing majors and neglecting humanities is mainly reflected in the following aspects:

1. In terms of training objectives, school education is mainly for the training of future engineers. The objectives are not clear enough, and the characteristics of the project are not highlighted enough. Basically, teaching is organized according to the discipline system, and it is not closely combined with the actual needs of regularly updating the technology and industry of membrane materials

2. The existing division of majors is too detailed, which makes the students' knowledge too narrow, and the adaptability of disciplines and the flexibility of employment are poor

Set a high degree of automation and intelligence in one body

3. In engineering teaching, students' practical engineering training is too little, mainly focusing on basic science and technology courses, and the content is relatively old, which is insufficient for the economy, management, market, quality, safety, law, environment and humanities that engineers must have

4. In teaching, it is not enough to mobilize students' learning initiative. The proportion of classroom teaching is too large, students' curriculum burden is heavy, and the teaching method is basically indoctrination, lacking heuristic and classroom communication. The combination of junior course learning and problem solving is not enough, and students do not understand the relationship between engineering major and the courses they learn; Engineering and non engineering contents (such as communication, management, technology, policy, art, etc.), as well as being divorced from modern scientific contents; The curriculum can not stimulate students' active learning enthusiasm, nor can it give students the awareness and ability to prepare for lifelong learning

Second, packaging engineering education is a field of modern engineering education

1. Modern engineering education

engineering is synthesis, creation and practice. The word engineering, together with engine and ingenions, comes from the same Latin root Ingenium, which means talent, ability or invention, In English, engine (engine Gary Cheng said: "here) It means invention. It can be seen that the word "Engineering" has been related to invention and creation since its emergence

modern engineering stems from the rise of modern industrial revolution and the emergence of engineering specialty. Engineers appear between scientists and actual production managers. Engineering is the process of making nature artificial according to the established purpose of human beings. It is a practical activity of organizing the design and construction of artifacts to meet certain clear needs. Therefore, we must understand people in engineering

The practical activity of engineering includes both technology and non technology, such as economy, politics, humanities and social sciences. Technology contains both scientific principles and non scientific ones (for example, experience, skills, know-how, intuition, inspiration, imagination, creativity). Engineering is a whole that connects technology and non technology, science and non science with the purpose of meeting social needs. Facing some engineering tasks, engineers in the future must answer four questions in sequence: will they do it (a basic question formed by the constraints of the scientific environment and the technical environment); Is it worth doing (a basic problem formed by the constraints of the economic environment); Whether it can be done (the basic problem formed by the constraints of the political environment and social and cultural environment); Should it be done (a basic problem formed by the constraints of the ecological environment)

the fundamental purpose of modern engineering education should be to determine the subject status of the educatees in education, enhance their subject consciousness, stimulate their enthusiasm, independence and creativity, internalize social culture into the content of the subject structure of the educatees, and make them develop into valuable subjects. The market economy needs the master of the market, and the progress of science and technology needs its inventors and creators. Therefore, it is far from enough to position the purpose of education only on the training of scientific and technological talents needed by economic construction. The purpose of education is also to construct people's rich and comprehensive subjectivity

It can be seen that modern engineering education must integrate science and humanities, theory and practice, rationality and irrationality, personality and universality, learning and creativity. (to be continued)

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